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Global warming raises tensions in Boko Haram region

Climate change makes Lake Chad fertile territory for extremism, experts say after Boko Haram massacre of up to 2,000 people. As more evidence of destruction wrought by Boko Haram in northeastern Nigeria emerged on Thursday, experts highlighted the role of climate change in fomenting extremism. Satellite images obtained by Amnesty International showed 3,700 buildings had been destroyed...
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Farmers, Drought and Gas Development in Australia

The impact on farmers of drought exacerbated by climate change can be mitigated by aspects of certain forms of resource extraction. However, the Australian experience suggests that such measures involve trade-offs. These trade-offs illustrate how our energy choices are becoming increasingly complex...
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ECC Newsletter Edition 3/2014

We have published the third Edition of the Environment, Conflict, and Cooperation Newsletter in 2014. It features e.g. an article by Tony de Brum, Foreign Minister of the Marshall Islands, about how his country approaches climate diplomacy on the way towards ambitious climate action. We also take a closer look at local governance and climate resilience with perspectives from Latin America and from Southeast Asia...
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Quote of the Month

“In today’s world, we see how the lack of access to water can fuel conflict and even threaten peace and stability. That is why in the coming year I would like to see more attention on what I call hydro-diplomacy.” - Jan Eliasson, Deputy Secretary-General of the United Nations, in an article for the international science journal ‘Nature’, 1 January 2015.
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Articles

Land & Food Publications

Quick Access

Van der Zwan, Joost 2011: Practice Note 7: Conflict-sensitive Land Policy and Land Governance in Africa. London: International Alert.

Bruce, John and Karol Boudreaux 2011: Land Disputes and Land Conflict. Property Rights and Resource Governance Briefing Paper #12. Washington D.C.: USAID.

Nelson, Gerald C. et al. 2010: Food Security and Climate Change. Challenges to 2050 and Beyond. IFRPI Issue Brief 66. December 2010.Washington D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.

GRAIN 2008: Seized: The 2008 land grab for food and financial security.Barcelona: GRAIN.

Messer, Ellen and Marc L. Cohen 2006: Conflict, Food Insecurity, and Globalization. Food Consumption and Nutrition Division Discussion Paper 206. Washington D.C.: International Food Policy Research Institute.

    Roth, Michael and Greg Myers 2011: Land Tenure, Property Rights, and Food Security. Emerging Implications for USG Policies and Programming. Property Rights and Resource Governance Briefing Paper #1. Washington D.C.: USAID.

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    Books & Studies

    Bunte, Thimna and Laureline Monnier 2011: Mediating Land Conflict in Burundi. Durban: The African Centre for the Constructive Resolution of Disputes (ACCORD).

    Bora, Saswati et al. 2010: Food Security and Conflict. World Development Report 2011 Background Paper. Washington D.C.: World Bank.

    Borras, Saturnino Jr. and Jennifer C. Franco 2010: From Threat to Opportunity? Problems with the Idea of a “Code of Conduct” for Land-Grabbing. Yale Human Rights and Development Law Journal, vol. 13(2), 507-523.

    Center for Human Rights and Global Justice 2010: Foreign Land Deals and Human Rights. Case Studies on Agricultural and Biofuel Investment. New York: NYU School of Law.

    Cotula, Lorenzo et al. 2009: Land grab or development opportunity? Agricultural investment and international land deals in Africa. London/Rom: IIED/FAO/IFAD.

    Daniel, Shepard and Anuradha Mittal 2009:The Great Land Grab: Rush for the World’s Farmland Threatens Food Security for the Poor. Oakland, CA: Oakland Institute.

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    Documents

    FAO 2011: zero draft of the Voluntary Guidelines on Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land and other Natural Resources. Rome: FAO.

      High Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis 2010: Updated Comprehensive Framework for Action. September 2010.

      UN Secretary-General 2010: Secretary General's message on the World Day to Combat Desertification and Drought. New York, 17 June 2010.

      Special Rapporteur on the right to food, Olivier De Schutter 2009: Large-scale Land Acquisitions and Leases: A Set of Minimum Principles and Measures to Address the Human Rights Challenge. Addendum to Report of the Special Rapporteur on the right to food, delivered to the 13th  Session of the Human Rights Council, 28 Dec 2009, U.N. Doc. A/HRC/13/33/add.2.

      FAO 2009: Committee on World Food Security. Thirty-fifth Session. Rome, 14, 15 and 17 October 2009. Agenda Item III. Reform of the Committee on World Food Security. Final Version.

      High-Level Task Force on the Global Food Security Crisis 2008: UN Declaration of the High-Level Conference on World Food Security: the Challenges of Climate Change and Bioenergy, on 5 June 2008.

        UN Secretary-General 2007: The right to food. Note by the Secretary-General at UN General Assembly Sixty-second session, Promotion and protection of human rights: human rights questions, including alternative approaches for improving the effective enjoyment of human rights and fundamental freedoms,  22 August 2007, U.N. Doc. A /62/289.

        Links

        FAO Special Programme for Food Security:http://www.fao.org/spfs/spfs-home/en/

        IFPRI Food Security Portal: http://www.foodsecurityportal.org/

        The New Geopolitics of Food - Foreign Policy Food Issue: http://www.foreignpolicy.com/articles/2011/04/25/the_new_geopolitics_of_food

        Clean Cookstoves Movement: http://www.cookingshouldntkill.org/

        Interactive map on the global land grab:http://www.inkota.de/nc/themen-kampagnen/welternaehrung-landwirtschaft/land-grabbing/interaktive-weltkarte/

        OXFAM Food Prices Map: http://www.oxfam.org/en/grow/food-price-volatility-map